Above the Gulf of Sibari lies old Rossano (35,000 inhabitants), which is surrounded by ancient olive groves. In ancient times the impregnable fortress was one of the biggest centres of the Greek Orthodox culture in southern Italy. An example of Byzantine art is to be found in the Church of San Mark, near the “Cattolica” of Stilo. It is one of the best examples of Byzantine architecture in southern Italy.
The cathedral is interesting, there is a fresco of Our Lady (8th century). The famous Codex Purpureus was discovered in sacristy; it is now kept in the Diocesan Museum. The code has texts written in golden and silver with 14 precious miniatures which illustrate the scenes of Jesus’s life.